ઈતિહાસ શહેરો અને ગામડાઓ


કાઠિયાવાડનો એક ભાગ જ્યાં ગોહિલ રાજપૂતો પરથી ઓળખાય છે. સેજકજી ગોહિલના ત્રણ પુત્રો રાણોજીના વંશઓએ ભાવનગર, શાહજીના વંશોએ પાલીતાણા અને સારંગજી ના વંશે લાઠી મા સત્તા સ્થાપી. ગોહિલવાડમાં ભાવનગર, પાલિતાણા, ગારિયાધાર,વળા, લાઠી અને નાના મોટા રજવાડાઓનો સમાવેશ થતો. આ પંથકમાં પણ કેટકેટલા પરગણા? ઘોઘાની આસપાસનો મુલક તો ‘ઘોઘાબારુ’, તળાજાથી ગોપનાથ ઝાંઝમેર વગેરે ભાગ ‘વાળાક’, શેત્રુંજી પાલિતાણાની આસપાસનો ડુંગરિયાળ વિસ્તાર ‘શેત્રુંજો’, શિહોરથી પાલિતાણા ચોક, હાથસણી અને ધાંધળીની આસપાસનો ‘ઊંટ સરવૈયા વાડ’, વલ્લભીપુરની સામેનો મુલક ‘ભાલ પ્રદેશ’, ભાવનગર, સોનેરાઈ ખાડી સામેનો પંથક ‘ભાલ સામેનો કાંઠો’, કુંડલાના વળાંક આસપાસના પરગણાને ‘ખુમાણ પંથક’. ભાવનગર જિલ્લાને ગોહિલવાડ કે લોકબોલીમાં ‘ઘોલ્યાવાડ’કે ‘વાલાકગીઓ’ પણ કહે છે.

ઇ.સ. ૧૭૨૩ પહેલા ગોહિલકુળ ની રાજધાની શિહોર હતી,સંવત ૧૭૭૯ ના વૈશાખ સુદ ત્રીજ ના દિવસે રાજવી ભાવસિંહે વડવા ગામ ને વિસ્તારી ભાવનગર વસાવ્યુ.
અન્ય પ્રદેશોઃઉત્તર માં બોટાદ,ગઢડા,ઉમરાળા,દક્ષિણમાં સાવરકુંડલા,તળાજા,મહુવા,પૂર્વમાં ઘોઘા,વલ્લભીપુર,પશ્વિમમાં શિહોર,ગારિયાધાર,પાલીતાણા..


The former princely state of Bhavnagar was also known as Gohilwad; “Land of the Gohils” (the clan of the ruling family). The current royal family of Bhavnagar resides in the Nilambagh Palace. Part of the Palace have been converted to a heritage hotel. The current Royal Family of Bhavnagar comprises Maharaja Vijayraj Singh Gohil and Maharani Samyukta Kumari, Prince Yuvraj Jaiveerraj Singh Gohil and Princess Brijeshwari Kumari Gohil.

State of Bhavnagar
Bhavsinhji ensured that Bhavnagar benefited from the revenue that was brought in from maritime trade, which was monopolised by Surat and Cambay. As the castle of Surat was under the control of the Sidis of Janjira, Bhavsinhji brokered an agreement with them, giving the Sidis 1.25% of the revenue by Bhavnagar port. Bhavsinhji entered into a similar agreement with the British when they took over Surat in 1856.Whilst Bhavsinhji was in power, Bhavnagar grew from a small chieftainship to a considerably important state. This was due to the addition of new territories as well as the income provided by maritime trade. Bhavsinhji’s successors continued to encourage maritime trade through Bhavnagar port, recognising its importance to the state. The territory was further expanded by Bhavsinhji’s grandson, Vakhatsinhji Gohil when he took possession of lands belonging to Kolis and Kathis, obtained Rajula from the Navab Saheb Ahmad Khan, and merged Ghogha Taluka into the state. In 1793, Vakhatsinhji conquered the forts of Chital and Talaja, and later conquered Mahuva, Kundla, Trapaj, Umrala and Botad.Bhavnagar remained the main port of the state, with Mahuva and Gogha also becoming important ports. Because of the maritime trade, the state prospered compared to other states. During the late 19th century, the Bhavnagar State Railway was constructed. This made Bhavnagar the first state that was able to construct its railway system without any aid from the central government, which was mentioned in the Imperial Gazetteer. Mr Peile, a political agent, described the state as follows: “With flourishing finances and much good work in progress. Of financial matters I need say little; you have no debts, and your treasury is full.” Between 1870 and 1878 the state was put under joint administration, due to the fact that Prince Takhtsinhji was a minor. This period produced some notable reforms in the areas of administration, revenue collection, judiciary, the post and telegraph services, and economic policy. The ports were also modernised. The two people who were responsible for those reforms were Mr E.H Percival of the Bombay Civil Service and Sri Gaurishankar Udayshankar Oza, Chief Minister of Bhavnagar State Bhavngar Boroz. In 1911, HH Maharani Nundkanvarba of Bhavnagar, was awarded the Order of the Crown of India, the highest Imperial award for women of the Empire.